GST returns comprises of two types of return – periodic and annual returns. Periodic returns are monthly or quarterly returns for reporting transactions during the month or quarter, while annual return is for reporting the summary of the periodic returns filed during a financial year. As the annual return is last return of the year thus, it assumes special significance.
GST Annual Return
GST has been implemented in India from 1st July, 2017. Under the new GST regime, over 1.3 crore business in India have been registered and issued GST registration. All entities having GST registration are required to file GST annual returns, as per the GST return due date schedule mentioned below. GST annual return filing is mandatory for all entities having GST registration, irrespective of business activity or sales or profitability during the return filing period. Hence, even a dormant business that obtained GST registration must file GST return.
GST registration holder who obtained the registration anytime before 1st April 2018 are required to file GST annual return for the financial year 2017-18 on or before 30th June 2019. Before filing GST annual return the taxpayer must have filed all GSTR-1 or GSTR-3B or GSTR-4 return for the period of July to March 2018. In case there are overdue GST returns for the above-mentioned period, the GST registration holder will not be allowed to file GST annual return.
Who is required to file an annual return
Generally, all taxpayers are required to file the return with certain exceptions such as taxpayers who have obtained registration as:
- ‘Casual Taxable Persons’ or ‘Non-resident taxable persons’ like exhibitors
- ‘Input service distributors’ to distribute the input tax credit of services that are invoiced in one location however, are to be used in different States (for instance- distribution of input tax credit pertaining to advertisement services invoiced in one State, however, is used in other States)
- Person liable for deduction of tax at source. The Government has not implemented the deduction of tax at source related provisions.
GST Annual Return Types
GST Annual Return Filing can be divided into three types based on the form to be filed as under:
GSTR-9: All entities having GST registration are required to file GST annual return in form GSTR-9.
GSTR-9A: GST registered taxpayers who have opted for the GST Composition Scheme under Goods and Services Tax (GST) are required to file GSTR-9A.
GSTR-9C: Form GSTR 9C is meant for filing the reconciliation statement of taxpayers pertaining to a particular financial year. The form is a statement of reconciliation between the Annual Returns in GSTR-9 and the figures mentioned in the Audited Financial Statements of the taxpayer.
GSTR 9C is applicable to taxpayers who are required to obtain an annual GST audit of their accounts. GSTR-9C must be prepared and certified by a Chartered Accountant or Cost Accountant. GST audit is applicable for person having GST registration with an annual aggregate turnover of above Rs. 2 crores in a particular financial year.